Officially separated out from the Northwest Territories in 1999 through the Nunavut Act and the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement Act, Nunavut is Canada’s largest, newest and least populated territory; fewer than 30,000 inhabitants live in an area the size of Western Europe. Nunavut comprises a major portion of Northern Canada, most of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago and all of the islands in Hudson Bay, James Bay and Ungava Bay, making it the fifth-largest country subdivision in the world. The capital Iqaluit (formerly Frobisher Bay) on Baffin Island lies to the east; other major communities include the regional centers of Rankin Inlet and Cambridge Bay. Nunavut also includes Ellesmere Island to the north, as well as the eastern and southern portions of Victoria Island in the west.
Nunavut (meaning “Our Land” in the Inuktitut language) has been home to the Inuit for millennia, as well as to the unrelated Dorcet Culture peoples. Helluland (or “Land of Flat Stones”) was characterized in Icelandic sagas as a place of great flat rocks, where Norse explorers under the command of Leif Eriksson made peaceful contact with the indigenous “Skraelings.” Historians consider Helluland, the first of three lands in North America visited by Eriksson, to be Baffin Island, where archaeological evidence places European traders and possibly settlers no later than 1000 AD.
From the lush green valleys of Katannilik Park to the wild rapids of the Coppermine River, dare to explore and experience Nunavut’s twenty spectacular territorial parks, heritage rivers and other special places for yourself, in your own way. From feeling the sharp bite of ice on your face kicked up by enthusiastic sled dogs on the way to Qaummaarviit in the spring, or watching in awe as the aurora borealis dances overhead in Ovayok where the sun disappears for days, to following caribou and wolf tracks through the green valley of Soper Heritage River or tracing the route of Hearne, Back and Franklin on the Coppermine River to Kugluk/Bloody Falls Territorial Park, Nunavut’s territorial parks, heritage rivers and special places offer numerous opportunities to explore, learn, be inspired, or simply lay back and enjoy yourself.
For more information on the unique and breath-taking sights and experiences awaiting you in Nunavut, please contact:
PO Box 1450
X0A 0H0, Canada
Phone: (866) NUNAVUT
or: (800) 491-7910
Website: www. nunavuttourism.com