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Published on May 5, 2012 by TravelGuideBook Kodiak Island is the nation's second largest and was discovered in the 1700s by Russian Fur Traders -- it is now a top tourist destination. The island is also home to the Kodiak Brown Bear, where you can view this amazing species on the ground in their habitat or from the air on a flight seeing tour. Sport fishing is another popular activity. Private fishing boat charters offer excellent saltwater fishing from April through October while commercial fishing vessels work the waters all year long. At the end of the Aleutian Island chain is remote Unalaska/Dutch Harbor, the only place to be bombed by the Japanese in WWII other than Pearl Harbor and departure point for the fall and winter crab fishing fleet of "Deadliest Catch" fame. Ancient glaciers and millennia of stormy weather have sculpted Kodiak Island's granite core into rugged mountains and intricate shoreline. This dynamic land is home to an abundance of wildlife. Whales and sea otters feed in bays. Enormous bears roam meadows of waist deep grass and salmon return to nearly every stream. Kodiak's lush green mountainous landscape has been compared to Ireland's, hence the nickname Emerald Isle. The oldest community in Alaska was established on Kodiak by Aleksandr Baranov in 1792 when Russian rule dominated the northern region of the Pacific Northwest; the oldest Russian Orthodox Church outside of Russia was built here in 1794; Alaska's oldest standing building is the Russian American Magazin, built in 1808 as a fur warehouse. The City of Kodiak is the largest seaport in Alaska with the second largest fishing fleet in the US, while the Island's waters have been judged to offer the best sport fishing.

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